Water kefir is a pleasantly fizzy and sweet drink, that is very soda-pop-like. Here is everything you need to know to make water kefir at home!
Water kefir is a symbiotic colony of bacteria and yeasts that feeds on sucrose (white sugar). It is the sweetest of all the fermented beverages. It’s also very easy to care for.
Probably the hardest part of making it is finding the grains. They don’t reproduce as much as milk kefir or kombucha, so getting them from a friend might be difficult. However, you can always buy the grains online.
How to Care for Water Kefir
It is really easy to make water kefir. It is ideal for anyone who wants to break free from a soda pop habit. Here’s everything you need to know about caring for your grains.
What type of sugar to use?
Water kefir grains feed on sucrose. However, they also need minerals and nutrients to thrive. Here are a few notes about the types of sugar that can be used:
- Don’t use high fructose sweeteners (like agave and rice syrup), honey, maple syrup, or other sugar substitutes.
- Brown sugar and panela both contain the necessary nutrients to feed the grains.
- If you’re brewing with coconut sugar or raw sugar, then you’ll need to add molasses or dried fruit (as indicated in the recipe) to provide the necessary nutrients. Using a mix of coconut sugar and raw sugar will result in a sluggish and overly sweet ferment. This is probably the #1 reason why most people struggle with making water kefir.
- Avoid using regular white sugar. It contains preservatives to keep it bright white. Unfortunately, these will also slow the fermentation.
- It is possible to make low-sugar water kefir, as long as the grains are occasionally fed sucrose as well.
How often do you need to brew?
Since water kefir is bottled every 2 to 3 days, it is very easy to end up with a lot of pop! Luckily, it’s easy to take a break.
- The grains can be stored in a fresh mix of water and sugar in the fridge for up to three weeks.
- However, to keep the grains healthy and happy, it’s best to brew kefir at least once a week.
Here’s my maintenance method. It’s the perfect brew rate for my family:
- After bottling, place the grains into a fresh sugar, molasses, and water mixture.
- Cap with a lid and store in the fridge for up to 7 days.
- After 7 days, take them out of the fridge and exchange the lid for cloth. Leave the grains to ferment for another 2 to 3 days, until it is ready for bottling.
A few more details
- Milk kefir is an entirely different culture. While both grains are symbiotic cultures of bacteria and yeast, water kefir cannot be used to culture diary.
- There’s no need to rinse your grains between brewing. In fact, it’s quite likely that your tap water is chlorinated, so rinsing the grains is likely to harm them than help them.
- Unflavored water kefir can be used as a culture for other ferments! Try sweet cucumber relish or fermenting strawberries. Or make a quick sourdough starter.
How to Make Water Kefir
Water kefir is a pleasantly fizzy and sweet drink, that is more soda-pop-like than kombucha. It is simple to brew at home for a zero-waste and probiotic beverage!
- Prep Time: 10 minutes
- Total Time: 10 minutes
- Yield: 4 cups 1x
- Category: Beverage
- Method: Fermented
- Cuisine: Probiotic
- 3 1/2 cups of water (chlorine-free)
- 1/4 cup of raw sugar
- 1 tsp of molasses or 1 Tbsp raisins
- 3 Tbsp water kefir grains
- Flavors for the 2nd ferment
- Measure the sugar, water, and molasses or raisins in a quart-sized (1 L) jar. Stir to dissolve the sugar.
- Add in the water kefir grains. Cover the jar with a cloth or coffee filter held in place with a rubber band or jar ring.
- Allow to ferment on the counter for 24-36 hours. The speed of the ferment will depend on the temperature. The water kefir is ready for bottling when it has started to bubble. However, it won’t be as bubbly as other ferments.
- To bottle the water kefir, strain the liquid into a bottle that can handle the buildup of carbonation (see notes for details). I find this is easiest with a funnel that has a strainer built-in. Water kefir can be flavored at the time of bottling. Feel free to mix water kefir with juice, brewed tea, or other flavors. To carbonate properly, it needs a mix of 2/3 water kefir to 1/3 flavor. Here’s a whole post on how to flavor water kefir, and my favorite flavors.
- Place the grains in a new batch of sugar water to brew. See the section above for details on how to take a break from water kefir.
- The bottled water kefir should become fizzy after 24 to 48 hours at room temperature. If you find it too sweet, allow it to continue to ferment for up to 7 days. Just pop the bottles every 2 days to prevent over-carbonation.
- Store finished water kefir in the fridge and consume within 4 weeks.
- Water kefir will continue to build up carbonation, even in the fridge. Store it in plastic pop bottles, or swing-top bottles that can handle the buildup of carbonation.
Keywords: probiotic, simple, soda pop, summer, spring, vegan, gluten free, dairy free, caffeine free